Testosterone (also mis-spelt testerone by some people) is a hormone of the steroid family of the androgen group and is found in humans as well as animals.


What is Testosterone?

It is primarily produced by the testes of males and the ovaries of females and a small amount of it is also produced by the adrenal glands. There are many cases where testosterone is wrongly called testerone by some people. So if ever somebody is talking about testerone, he/she might be actually meaning testosterone.

It is an anabolic steroid and male sex hormone. In men, this male hormone has an important role in the development of male reproductive organs (testes and the prostate) and it is also responsible for the secondary sexual traits such as muscle building, bone mass, and body hair growth during puberty.

It helps promotes men’s health:

  1. Production of Red blood cells
  2. Fat distribution
  3. Body mass
  4. Body mass, muscle and strength
  5. Bone density Libido (sex drive)
  6. Erectile function
  7. Spermatogenesis (Sperm production)
  8. Deepening voice tone
  9. Pubic and facial hairs growth

Testosterone body map with description on which part of body it affects

In males, the testerone secretion is much more in volume than in females as metabolic consumption of this hormone in males is high. Just like in the case of men, women also rely on it to maintain sex drive, bone density and muscle mass throughout their lifetime.

Low T/Hypogonadism Hypogonadism is a medical condition in which the human body is unable to produce sufficient amount of male hormone due to another health problem with the testicles or with glands that controls this process. A lab blood test is required to determine the serum testosterone level.

Reference chart showing the level of testosterone with respect to age of man

Lower than normal levels of testosterone in men decreases muscle mass, stunt growth in teenagers, causes gynecomastia, promotes feminine characteristics, curtails masculine growth, reduces sex drive and causes erectile dysfunction and can also cause sweating in excess. There are some people who are born with hypogonadism, or it can occur later in life due injury, accident or infection.

Treatments normally depend on the cause. Some types of hypogonadism can be remedied with replacement therapy. Replacement therapy (TRT) improves the signs and symptoms of low T in men afflicted by Hypogonadism. TRT is done by injections, pills, body patches and gel. Testosterone levels versus age Testosterone level is at its peaks during teenage and early adulthood. However with age the level decreases.

Please find below some of the symptoms resulting due to declining level with ageing. In some cases these symptoms forms part of the normal ageing process or side effects of medication or psychological conditions and it is very important to make the right diagnosis. Physique: Swollen or tender breasts (gynecomastia) Hair loss is possible.

Decreased bone density Changes in the physique Increased body fat Decreased muscle mass Low energy and Weakness Sweating and hot flashes Emotional: Demotivation Lack of self-confidence Depressed feelings Lack of concentrating Low memory Other Insomnia and disruption of the sleep patterns Reduced sex drive, Fewer erections Infertility. Not all of the above symptoms will occur at the same time and some of them may never occur even when there is deficiency.

Testosterone, often associated primarily with masculinity, is a hormone critical for both men and women. While its role in various bodily functions is widely recognized, the profound impact it holds on overall health goes beyond its stereotypical associations. Understanding the benefits of testosterone is crucial for comprehending its significance in the human body.

What is Testosterone?

Testosterone is a steroid hormone primarily produced in the testicles in men and ovaries in women, albeit in smaller amounts. It plays a pivotal role in the development of reproductive tissues and promotes characteristics like increased muscle mass, bone density, and body hair growth.

The Benefits of Healthy Testosterone Levels:

  1. Enhanced Libido and Sexual Function: Optimal levels of testosterone contribute to a healthy sex drive in both men and women. Studies have shown that testosterone therapy can improve sexual function, libido, and overall satisfaction.
  2. Maintenance of Muscle Mass and Bone Density: Testosterone is crucial in maintaining muscle mass and bone density. Reduced levels of testosterone can lead to loss of muscle mass and increased risk of osteoporosis, especially in aging individuals.
  3. Cognitive Function: Research indicates that testosterone plays a role in cognitive function. Adequate levels of this hormone are associated with better verbal memory, spatial abilities, and mathematical reasoning.
  4. Mood Regulation: Testosterone influences mood and has been linked to decreased irritability and an overall sense of well-being. Low levels of testosterone might contribute to mood disorders, such as depression.
  5. Heart Health: Studies suggest that healthy testosterone levels can positively impact heart health, reducing the risk of cardiovascular diseases.
  6. Metabolic Health: Testosterone assists in the regulation of insulin, glucose, and fat metabolism. Optimal levels can contribute to a healthier metabolic profile.
  7. Improved Energy Levels and Fatigue Reduction: Maintaining healthy testosterone levels can positively influence energy levels and reduce fatigue, contributing to an improved quality of life.

Importance of Testosterone Maintenance:

Testosterone levels naturally decline with age, leading to various health concerns. While this decline is a part of the aging process, maintaining healthy habits such as regular exercise, a balanced diet, and managing stress can help in preserving adequate testosterone levels.

Testosterone, far beyond its conventional associations, is a crucial hormone that influences numerous aspects of health and well-being. Understanding its benefits and ensuring its optimal levels through lifestyle and, if necessary, medical interventions can significantly impact overall health and quality of life.

While testosterone is crucial, its manipulation should always be overseen by a healthcare professional, considering individual health needs.